Moody's: US auto tariffs credit negative for global auto industry

US Import car dealerships will be hard hit

371Views 4Comments Posted 27/06/2018

NEW YORK-June 25, -- A 25% tariff being considered on vehicles and auto parts imported to the US would be broadly credit negative for the global auto industry,  and US  giants GM and Ford and auto dealers would be affected, Moody's Investors Service says in a new report.

"Tariffs on imported vehicles and parts would be negative for nearly every group in the industry -- automakers, parts suppliers, car dealers and even transportation companies -- as it rippled across the globalized supply chain, which we forecast will produce about 96.7 million light vehicles this year," says Bruce Clark, Moody's Senior Vice President.

US automakers Ford and GM are vulnerable to import tariffs, as both import a significant number of vehicles into the US. GM, in particular, depends on imports from Mexico and Canada to support its US operations (30% of its US unit sales compared to Ford's 20%), and sources a significant portion of its high-margin trucks and SUVs from those two countries.

"Both GM and Ford would need to absorb the cost of scaling back Mexican and Canadian production and shifting some back to the US," notes Clark. "They would also likely need to subsidize sales to offset the tariffs during the near term, and could eventually pass on the higher costs to consumers."

Moody's says that non-US auto manufacturers would suffer even more from tariffs than their US counterparts. European automakers without US plants, for example, including Jaguar Land Rover and Volvo, would be hit particularly hard.

Japanese carmakers that export a meaningful proportion of domestically produced cars to the US, such as Toyota (22%) and Nissan (31%), would need to significantly adjust their production. Korean automakers Hyundai and Kia Motors' plans to increase US production and reduce imports will be insufficient to fully offset the potential negative effects of tariffs. Chinese auto manufacturers, on the other hand, have minimal exports and thus will be largely unaffected.

Meanwhile, a 25% tariff would hurt both Mexico's car production and the country's economy as a whole, as numerous automakers have built assembly plants in Mexico to service the US market, resulting in the auto industry representing 2.9% of Mexico's GDP in 1Q 2018.

Major auto-parts manufacturers could struggle to adjust to supply chain shifts resulting from tariffs, notes Moody's. Suppliers' efforts to optimize production cost and time for completed parts often results in multiple cross-border trips for finished goods, which could incur multiple tariff charges, and avoiding those costs could disrupt the supply chain.

On the retail side, US auto dealers, which are typically heavily weighted towards imports, would also suffer significantly. Auto-parts retailers, however, would generally be unaffected as they are insulated by replacement part demand for the 260 million vehicles currently on the road.

Comments 4


USA consumers will continue to buy quality products regardless of taxes or fees. There is no real 'fair trade' regarding high cost items such as automobiles. Cars built in Germany by GM, Ford, and Chrysler are built better and will survive high speed conditions. German dealers sell products differently. There you peruse the showroom, select a model, and put your car together. It is rare for a German to drive a car off the showroom floor. Dealers 'pull' vehicles from builders. In the USA manufacturers "push' the product onto the dealerships. US auto dealerships are forced to sell and store unreasonable inventories. We, in the US, refuse to use a better model and will continue to do so. After all, 'we been doin' it this way forever'. Yup, ya'll shore have!

11 months ago
Richard Charron

Well of course. Anybody with any understanding of economics knows that but the point is where the money ends up. Supply and demand is the ultimate mediator of where prices are set and the free market will ultimately decide how much the consumer is willing to pay. The point of all this tariff nonsense is simply to level the playing field and I personally think the strategy is brilliant. If it takes sales away from our competitors it will have accomplished what was intended and bring them back to the table. Our various industries can no longer be on the losing end of these "deals". Remember if Americans quit buying high tariff products the producers will have to adjust somehow in order to remain in business or adjust to a much smaller market. I have full faith in President Trump's negotiating tactics and I concur 100% with what he is doing. For whatever that is worth.

11 months ago

Industry only absorbs the costs of change until they “... pass on the higher costs to consumers.” Ultimately, all revenues come from consumers and any time a price or cost rises, it is the consumer who pays for it.

11 months ago
Richard Charron

“Both GM and Ford would need to absorb the cost of scaling back Mexican and Canadian production and shifting some back to the US,” It appears that things are going according to plan.

11 months ago
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